Division of Offender Rehabilitative Services
The Division of Offender Rehabilitative Services is responsible for the development of treatment programs for offenders. These programs include Offender Healthcare (Medical and Mental Health), Sex Offender Assessment and Treatment, Adult Education/Workforce Readiness, Library Services, Substance Abuse Services, and Missouri Vocational Enterprises.
Adult Basic Education (ABE): A basic education is an integral part of the rehabilitative process. In order to prepare inmates for successful reintegration into society and to reduce recidivism, offenders without a high school diploma or equivalent (General Educational Diploma Certificate [GED]) are required by statute to participate in Adult Basic Education classes. The academic education section offers the following programs to offenders:
- Assessment & Evaluation: Staff at intake centers screen and properly
diagnose all offenders prior to school assignments.
- Adult Education: Classes that assist the offender in working toward the GED certificate.
- Career & Technical Programs: This section is responsible for the development, delivery and evaluation of school, work and community based activities for Missouri offenders.
- School based programs include a number of vocational training programs throughout the prison system. These programs include computer repair, automotive repair, business technology, electrical wiring, residential carpentry and plumbing, diesel mechanics and industrial technology, culinary arts and cosmetology among others. To help ensure that offenders are prepared to work, an employability and life skills class is available.
- Literacy: Classes providing specific materials and instruction for those with limited English proficiency and reading skills.
- Title I: Provides supplemental instructional services for educationally disadvantaged students under age 21.
- Special Education: Provides appropriate education for offenders with disabilities through the age of 21. (Procedural Safeguards for Children & Parents)
The Department of Corrections provides offenders with library services to support their educational, recreational, legal and informational needs.
Missouri DOC libraries are modeled after public library collections. Legal resources are also provided and fulfill the requirements required by law. Legal reference assistance is free to offenders.
Offender Health Services
Health care for offenders is required by Missouri Statute 217.230. It was determined that the 8th and 14th amendments of the U.S. Constitution further established this right.
The Medical Services section oversees the comprehensive medical care provided on a contract basis. This is a managed-care system, which stresses health care education, disease prevention, immediate identification of health problems and early intervention to prevent more debilitating chronic health problems. Medical units are staffed with nurses and physicians who provide care 24-hours a day at every correctional center. Medical units provide care ranging from regular sick call to Infirmary Care Unit admission. Many sites have x-ray equipment and all draw blood work for laboratory analysis. Dental care is also available at all sites. Optometric care, oral surgery, audiology, physical therapy, and ear, nose, and throat clinics are available at selected sites. Minor surgical procedures can be performed at all locations. All facilities utilize community hospitals and clinics for emergency care, consultation and inpatient treatment. Consultation agreements are also in place with community specialists. Mammography is provided at the Women's Eastern Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center.
The Division of Offender Rehabilitative Services' contract monitoring staff ensures that offenders receive medical care that is equivalent to the community standard and that all mandates of the contract are fulfilled.
The goal is to return offenders to the community as medically stable as possible, so they may become productive citizens of the state.
Offender Behavioral Health Services
The Department of Corrections provides a full range of mental health services through a contracted provider. Offenders are evaluated during the intake process at the reception and diagnostic centers. Mental health screening and testing are utilized to determine if treatment is needed. Screening also helps determine what assistance offenders will need while incarcerated.
DOC also offers specialized programming for those with severe mental illness and developmental disabilities. The Farmington Correctional Center is the site of our Social Rehabilitation Unit, a 100-bed housing unit for mentally ill offenders, designed to offer a long-term structured setting. Farmington also has the Correctional Treatment Center, a 20-bed unit for those who need a more protected environment. Jefferson City Correctional Center has the Secure Social Rehabilitation Unit which provides treatment to a variable number of mentally ill offenders in maximum security. At Potosi, DOC has the Special Needs Unit, a 46- bed unit for offenders with developmental disabilities. Mental health services are available at all Department of Corrections institutions.
Missouri Sex Offender Program (MOSOP)
The director of the Department of Corrections is mandated (RSMo 589.040) to develop a program of treatment, education and rehabilitation for sexual assault offenders. By department policy, the successful completion of MOSOP is mandatory for a release prior to an inmate's sentence completion date. The MOSOP program, consisting of approximately 12 months of therapy, is provided at the Farmington Correctional Center for men and the Women's Eastern Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center in Vandalia for females. The groups for handicapped offenders and those in protective custody are currently held at the Eastern Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center. The department has also instituted community-based sex offender treatment to probationers and parolees. Those who fail to successfully complete are required to complete their entire sentence and are not released prior to that date. In FY12, 309 offenders completed the Missouri Sex Offender Program.
Sex Offender Assessment Unit
The Sex Offender Assessment Unit (SOAU) at Farmington Correctional Center is a 120-day residential program that was established in FY '94. It is designed to assess community risks and sex offender treatment needs. Information is then shared with the court for release considerations. During CY '08, 98 offenders were assessed for the courts at the SOAU.
Substance Abuse Treatment Services
Substance Abuse Screening of offenders within twelve months of incarceration reveals that approximately 82% of the offenders have moderate to severe substance abuse problems. In order to meet their service and treatment needs, the department has developed a wide range of substance abuse services for offenders in institutions, as well as individuals under supervision in the community to provide the earliest possible intervention and the most effective treatment.
Department Institutional Treatment Centers (ITC) provide a structured comprehensive substance abuse treatment for incarcerates, parole, and probation violators. Known as ITCs they operate in numerous correctional center locations in Boonville, Bowling Green, Farmington, Fulton, Maryville, St. Joseph, and Vandalia. ITCs offer an alternative to traditional incarceration. Offenders are held accountable for their behavior and are required to successfully complete the treatment intervention prior to release. The department also sponsors a variety of substance abuse education programs, after-care and support groups, as well as 12-step programs both within the institution and the community. The department also partners with the Department of Mental Health's Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse to provide effective treatment services in the community for offenders and continuity of care from institutions to treatment programs and recovery support services in community settings. The Division of Offender Rehabilitative Services' Substance Abuse Services Unit has developed strong links with community providers to establish priorities through joint planning and program development.
Treatment beds are spread throughout the state from minimum to maximum-security institutions. Long-term substance abuse treatment (12-24 months) for chronic and progressive addictions is provided at Ozark Correctional Center, Maryville Treatment Center, Farmington Correctional Center and Women's Eastern Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center. Six month, intermediate treatment is provided at Maryville Treatment Center, Western Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center, Farmington Correctional Center, and Women's Eastern Reception, Diagnostic and Correctional Center. Short-term treatment (approximately 90 days) is provided at the facilities in Boonville, Fulton, Farmington, St. Joseph and Vandalia.
In addition, the Department of Corrections provides substance abuse assessment services at units in four regional reception centers, and provides services at the Northeast Correctional Center, and Fulton Reception Diagnostic Correctional Center which serves offenders mandated for treatment whose ambulatory problems prevent their access to programs at the other treatment locations. Programs tailored to meet the needs of parole violators occur at the Western Reception and Diagnostic Correctional Center and at the Fulton Reception and Diagnostic Correction Center. Substance abuse education and relapse services occur at the Moberly Correctional Center and at the Missouri Eastern Correctional Center.
In 1994, Senate Bill 763 authorized the creation of three innovative drug treatment programs to tackle specific substance abuse problems. As a result, the Offenders Under Treatment Program, the Post Conviction Drug Program and the Long-term Substance Abuse Programs were developed and are currently in operation for male and female offenders.
The Required Assessment, Education and Treatment (REACT) is a statewide program for persons placed on probation by the court for a felony drug offense. Offenders must submit to an assessment within 60 days of their term of probation as a condition of probation and then address the causes identified in that assessment through substance abuse education and treatment programs. REACT also increases offender accountability by requiring probationers to pay for all or a significant portion of the program services, depending on financial ability.
Drug screening via urinalysis is an important part of the department's zero tolerance approach toward drug use by inmates and offenders. In FY09 the percentage of offenders in the institutions was reduced due to budget shortfalls. Effective in March 2009, 5% of all offenders are randomly selected for urinalysis testing, and 5% of offenders who have previously tested positive are selected for "targeted testing". Drug testing assists corrections professionals in assessing, evaluating and referring inmates and offenders to appropriate substance abuse programs within the institutions and the community.
To further combat the illegal use of drugs in prison the department has enhanced interdiction efforts to intercept drug transactions and deliveries. The combination of drug intervention, drug screening and treatment strategies enforces the department's zero tolerance standard for inmate drug use.
Missouri Vocational Enterprises (MVE)
The Missouri Vocational Enterprises program operates industries and programs to produce a variety of products and services for state agencies, city and county governments, political subdivisions, state employees and not-for-profit organizations. The goal of this program is to increase employment and training opportunities for offenders assigned to correctional centers to promote productive and law-abiding conduct after release to the community. Currently, 26 industries are operated in 15 correctional centers statewide. These industries employ approximately 1,500 offenders each month. Products and services include Chemical Products, Industrial Laundry, Clothing Factory, Furniture Factory, Graphic Arts, Engraving License Plate Factory, Office Systems manufacturing and installation, Shoe Factory, Tire Recycling, Forms Printing, Warehouse/Distribution network, Plastic Bags manufacturing, Cardboard Carton manufacturing, Toilet Paper manufacturing, Metal Products, Signs, and Toner Cartridge Recycling.