Division of Probation & Parole
The Division of Probation and Parole supervises felony offenders ordered to probation by the courts or offenders released by the Parole Board from confinement in the Division of Adult Institutions by means of parole or conditional release. Probation and Parole Officers within the division establish viable plans in order to address an offender’s needs under supervision, ultimately reducing risk and improving success while on supervision. The division has more than 40 district offices, six community supervision centers and a community release center with probation and parole officers that supervise offenders who are on probation, parole or conditional release. The division also operates a Command Center, which is a 24-hour a day communication center that tracks offenders in the community on electronic monitoring.
The Parole Board is a seven-member board that has the authority under state law to grant the release of incarcerated offenders from confinement in the Division of Adult Institutions by means of parole or conditional release. The Parole Board also conducts investigations and provides information to the governor on all applications for pardons, commutations of sentence, reprieves or restorations of citizenship.
Rules and Regulations Governing the Conditions of Probation, Parole and Conditional Release
"known as the White Book"
Rules and Regulations Governing the Conditions of Probation, Parole and Conditional Release for Sex Offenders
"known as the Orange Book"
Rules and Regulations Governing the Granting of Paroles and Conditional Releases with Appendices
"known as the Blue Book"
Rights of Offender To Preliminary and Revocation Hearing
"known as the Red Book"
The Administrative Services Section consists of the Division's Fiscal Management Unit, Personnel Unit, Central Supply Unit and Central Office Support Unit. This section provides planning and coordination with the other divisions of the department and other state agencies.
Citizen Advisory Boards
Citizen Advisory Boards (CABs) provide valuable assistance to their communities. CABs promote an environment for offenders to gain the skills they need to be productive and law-abiding citizens. To this end, CABs fund special programs, such as financial management, substance abuse education and training, and provide transportation assistance.
The department's Command Center is a 24-hour a day, seven days a week communication center whose staff tracks offenders in the community on electronic monitoring, and in community release centers and residential centers. This unit was established to ensure that offenders assigned to community corrections programs maintain their curfews and adhere to other restrictions as required around the clock. Command Center staff conduct investigations for every serious rule violation. They issue arrest warrants should offenders fail to return to their assigned residence at the appointed time. Command Center staff also maintain regular contact with state and local law enforcement to develop leads and to ensure absconders are apprehended and returned to department custody without delay.
Offenders are ordered to perform community service hours by the court as part of their reparation to the community. Other offenders are required to compensate victims of crime, pay court costs and make restitution to individual victims. Probation and parole staff are engaged with local communities to assist in the coordination of service delivery and activities to improve public safety across the state.
Community Supervision Strategies
Probation and parole staff coordinate and manage a continuum of community based programs and employ a variety of supervision services to improve public safety and offender success. These facilities, programs and services assist with the supervision of probationers assigned by the courts and with the reintegration of parolees upon release from prison. The following programs are designed to provide additional treatment, intervention, sanctions and structure for offenders:
- Electronic monitoring;
- Contract residential facilities;
- Targeted outpatient substance abuse treatment;
- Targeted mental health treatment;
- Targeted employment services;
- Cognitive skills development classes;
- Community sex offender treatment and registration;
- Day report centers.
Community Release and Supervision Centers
Community Release Centers and Community Supervision Centers provide the Parole Board and Courts with a structured, residential program to better assist and supervise offenders transitioning from prison to the community or offenders who are at risk of revocation from community supervision. Offenders assigned to these facilities are required to accept personal responsibility in finding and maintaining employment, obtaining substance abuse and medical care and obtaining educational or vocational opportunities. Assessment and treatment sessions are scheduled to coincide with the offenders' off-hours from work.
St. Louis Transition Center
The Transition Center in St. Louis (TCSTL) is a residential facility that provides community-based transitional services and supervision programming to male offenders released from the Division of Adult Institutions as well as to offenders on supervision who are in need of additional structure. Services include substance use and mental health treatment, employment readiness, cognitive restructuring, home plan assistance, family reunification, education and links to other community-based services. The focus is primarily on transitioning these offenders back into the community as productive, law-abiding citizens.
Community Supervision Centers
The division has six community supervision centers. Each center includes an administrative area to accommodate the existing probation and parole district office located in that area, as well as sufficient program/classroom areas and dormitory housing space for 60 offenders in need of structured residential supervision. Each center provides short-term residential services for offenders, who otherwise would have to be housed within the department's correctional centers or local jails. The centers are located in St. Joseph, Farmington, Hannibal, Kennett, Poplar Bluff and Fulton.
Field services encompass the supervision of probationers in the community assigned to the division by the courts, offenders released under supervision by the Parole Board and offenders from other states through the Interstate Compact.
In order to reduce recidivism, field probation and parole officers continuously assess and evaluate offenders assigned to them, and supervise the offenders at a level consistent with their risk to re-offend. The probation and parole officer effectively balances treatment and supervision strategies necessary to manage offender risk with the needs and interests of victims and communities.
This supervision process consists of a number of critical activities including:
- Accurate and ongoing assessment of offender risk and need;
- Development of effective supervision and treatment plans;
- Restorative justice practices;
- Use of appropriate sanctions and strategies to minimize risk and maximize the potential for successful outcomes.
The Interstate Compact Unit is responsible for monitoring the activities of both probation and parole status clients, including Missouri clients residing in other states as well as clients from other states residing in Missouri. The Interstate Compact Unit is also responsible for monitoring the status of Missouri clients housed in the Federal Bureau of Prisons, as well as in other state correctional facilities.
The Interstate Compact Unit must abide not only by established departmental/divisional policy and procedure, but also ensure compliance with the rules established by the Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision (ICAOS). These rules govern the processes and eligibility criteria involving interstate transfer of clients.
For further information regarding the Missouri Interstate Compact Unit, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org
For further information regarding the Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision and the rules established by the Commission, please refer to: www.interstatecompact.org
Institutional Parole Services
The Parole Services section is responsible for assessing incarcerated offenders and tracking their progress for the parole board. Institutional Parole Officers report their findings to the parole board prior to an offender's parole hearing. The institutional parole staff and parole analysts assist the parole board as they conduct hearings. Officers work with offenders to develop supervision plans as they prepare for their release.
Institutional parole offices are located within the following correctional centers: Algoa, Boonville, Chillicothe, Crossroads, Northwestern Correctional Center, Farmington (satellites at Potosi and Mineral Point), Fulton Reception and Diagnostic Center (satellite at Cremer Therapeutic Community Center), Jefferson City Correctional Center, Maryville Treatment Center, Missouri Eastern, Moberly, Northeast Correctional Center , Ozark, South Central, Charleston, Tipton, the Western Reception and Diagnostic and Women's Eastern Reception and Diagnostic Centers.